In this article you will learn how to customize tick marks using R statistical software : changing the interval between tick marks; color and the font size for tick mark labels (texts); rotation of tick mark labels.
Color, font style and font size of tick mark labels :
For this end, the following argument can be used :
- col.axis : the color to be used for tick mark labels
- font.axis : an integer specifying the font style; possible values are :
- 1: normal text
- 2: bold
- 3: italic
- 4: bold and italic
- 5 : symbol font
- cex.axis : the size for tick mark labels; default value is 1.
x<-1:10; y<-x*x # Simple graph plot(x, y) # Custom plot : blue text, italic-bold, magnification plot(x,y, col.axis="blue", font.axis=4, cex.axis=1.5)
Orientation of tick mark labels
To change the style of the tick mark labels, las argument can be used. The possible values are :
- 0: the labels are parallel to the axis (default)
- 1: always horizontal
- 2 : always perpendicular to the axis
- 3 : always vertical
plot(x, y, las=0) # parallel plot(x, y, las=1) # horizontal plot(x, y, las=2) # perpendicular
Hide tick marks
To hide or to show tick mark labels, the following graphical parameters can be used :
- xaxt : a character specifying the x axis type; possible values are either “s” (for showing the axis) or “n” ( for hiding the axis)
- yaxt : a character specifying the y axis type; possible values are either “s” (for showing the axis) or “n” ( for hiding the axis)
These two arguments are very useful to take the control of the rotation angle for tick mark labels. Changing the rotation angle is not something easy in R but we’ll see how to do it in the next section.
# Hide x and y axis plot(x, y, xaxt="n", yaxt="n")
Change the string rotation of tick mark labels
The following steps can be used :
- Hide x and y axis
- Add tick marks using the axis() R function
- Add tick mark labels using the text() function
The argument srt can be used to modify the text rotation in degrees.
# Suppress the axis plot(x, y, xaxt="n", yaxt="n") # Changing x axis xtick<-seq(0, 10, by=5) axis(side=1, at=xtick, labels = FALSE) text(x=xtick, par("usr"), labels = xtick, srt = 45, pos = 1, xpd = TRUE) # Changing y axis ytick<-seq(0, 100, by=50) axis(side=2, at=ytick, labels = FALSE) text(par("usr"), ytick, labels = ytick, srt = 45, pos = 2, xpd = TRUE)
Use the par() function
The par() function can be used to permanently apply the changes to all of the graphs that will be created in the current session.
par(col.axis="blue", font.axis=4, cex.axis=1.5) plot(x,y)
This analysis has been performed using R statistical software (ver. 3.1.0).
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